The File Extensions Database


.XMP File Extension

  • Developer by: Adobe Systems
  • Category: Misc Files
  • Format: Text

What is an .XMP file?

.XMP is Extensible Metadata Platform File

An XMP file is a metadata file used by Adobe programs such as Photoshop and Bridge. It contains the edits made to a camera raw file, such as a .CR2 or .NEF file, and is automatically generated and saved in the same directory as the corresponding camera raw file. XMP files include various properties of an image file, such as a description, title, keywords, author, copyright, brightness, exposure, contrast, crop angle, shadow, saturation, sharpness, tint, and temperature.

XMP file open in TextWrangler

XMP (Extensible Metadata Platform) files are saved in a standard plain text format that can be searched by XMP-compatible applications. The format was developed by Adobe as a means to standardize metadata across multiple file types, such as an images, databases, and web documents. While XMP data is supported by several third party applications, it is primarily used by Adobe software to store metadata for camera raw files.

In Photoshop, the XMP file is automatically generated when you open a camera raw file, choose the settings in the intermediary camera raw processing screen, and click OK. If you do not want the hassle of an extra file for each of your raw files you can save them in the .DNG format. This format embeds the XMP metadata in the file itself, eliminating the need for an accompanying XMP file.

If you come across an XMP file on your computer, there is most likely a corresponding camera raw file, such as an NEF or CR2 file, located in the same location. XMP files are not intended to be opened manually. Instead they are referenced by the application used to open the corresponding camera raw file. However, you can open an XMP file in a text editor to view the metadata.

NOTE: If you delete the XMP file, you will lose all edits to the corresponding camera raw file.

Programs that open Extensible Metadata Platform File
Windows
Adobe Bridge CC 2019
Adobe Photoshop CC 2019
Adobe Prelude CC 2019
Microsoft Windows Photos
Adobe XMP Toolkit
Mac
Adobe Bridge CC 2019
Adobe Photoshop CC 2019
Adobe Prelude CC 2019
Adobe XMP Toolkit
File Type 2 XMind Markers Package
Developer by: XMind Category: Data Files Format: XML

An XMP file is a markers package used by XMind, a mind mapping and brainstorming application. It contains one or more markers, which are icons used to denote special meaning such as the urgency of a task or what people are involved. Some of the marker categories include faces, task progress, task priority, arrows, symbols, and month.

While XMind comes with default XMP files you can import your own images into the application for customized markers. You can access the import and export functionality by selecting the "View Menu" icon when the Markers window is open.

Programs that open XMind Markers Package
Windows
XMind
Mac
XMind
Linux
XMind

How to solve problems with XMP files

  • Associate the XMP file extension with the correct application. On :
    Windows: Right click on any XMP file and then click "Open with" > "Choose another app". Now select another program and check the box "Always use this app to open *.XMP files". Mac: Right click (or Ctrl-click) the XMP file, then click "Open with" > "Other...". Then choose another program and check the "Always Open With" box. Linux: Right click on the file, and select "Open with" and choose another program. iPhone: Tap the file. If you do not see an app to open the file, then tap Share "Share" and choose an app. Alternatively, save the file. Then open the Files app Files app. There long-press on the file, then release your finger. You will see a black menu bar. Then tap "Share" and select an app. Android: Tap the Settings icon on your smartphone, then tap on the Apps section. There tap the Options icon in the top right-hand corner of the screen to change the default apps.
  • Update your software that should actually open .XMP is Extensible Metadata Platform File. Because only the current version supports the latest XMP file format. Search, therefore, e.g. on the Adobe Systems manufacturer website after an available .XMP is Extensible Metadata Platform File update.
  • To make sure that your XMP file is not corrupted or virus-infected, get the file again and scan it with antivirus software.